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What Server-Side Scripting Languages Should You Know?

September 27, 2014 Information Technology, General 0 Comments

IT professionals with knowledge of server-side scripting languages are in demand to manage the larger servers and databases needed to meet the world's big data issues. With nearly 2.5 quintillion bytes of data created every day, many companies in a range of industries are looking for IT graduates with server-side and database programming skills.

What Server-Side Scripting Languages Should You Know?What Is It?

A server-side scripting language is a programming language or syntax that resides on a server. Differentiated from client-side scripting that occurs in a user's browser, server-side languages function before any file is sent from a server. This type of script is used for a variety of reasons, including retrieving files from large databases, maintaining a state over a dynamic or "stateless" HTTP connection, or any server that requires heavy security — often more security than JavaScript source code can provide through a browser. Additionally, server-side scripting languages are never revealed to the user; the source code can never be seen, unlike client-side languages that can be viewed in the properties of a Web page.

So what are the pros of server-side scripting? Servers decrease the workload on the end user's machine because it does not require any browser support or plugins. Pages can be developed instantly on the server side, and various applications can be built within the server to maintain websites, effectively eliminating the need to edit code.

Language Types

There are several server-side languages that have been popular over the years, including the following:

  • ASP
  • ColdFusion
  • JavaServer Pages
  • Perl
  • PHP
  • Python
  • Ruby

There are pros and cons with every technology, and that holds true for server-side scripting languages. Discussions on Ozzu and a chart at Interaction Talks are two good resources that compare and explain more about these languages.

As we create more digital information on a daily basis, databases and servers are storing more information. Skilled professionals with server-side scripting language experience are needed to store, manage, secure, analyze and assist companies with the organizational functions necessary to use this data. It is changing the IT landscape, and graduates will be expected to know why and how big data is useful in order to contribute to its management.

Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons

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